Lowell E Baier | Curriculum Vitae


  • Doctor of Jurisprudence, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 1964
    • Dissertation: “Substantive Interpretations under the Antidumping Act and the Foreign Trade Policy of the United States.” Published in 1965 by the Stanford Law Review, the work created an original antitrust jurisprudence as a foundation for interpreting and applying the Antidumping Act of 1921, as amended, which became one of America’s most powerful trade-import laws.
    • Research Assistant to Distinguished Professor of Law Dr. Jerome Hall, 1962 to 1964
    • Sherman Minton Moot Court Award, Indiana University Law School, 1963
  • Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Political Science, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, 1961
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental History, University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 2018-20. Course work and dissertation outline completed and defended in faculty Viva exam (no dissertation). Forced to withdraw from the Ph.D. program for medical reasons 2020. Dissertation completed thereafter and published: Federalism, Preemption, and the Nationalization of American Wildlife Management: The Dynamic Balance Between State and Federal Authority, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 329 pages (2022).
  • Doctor of Public Service, honoris causa, Valparaiso University, May 19, 2019
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa, Indiana University, May 8, 2015
  • Doctor of Law and Letters, honoris causa, Rocky Mountain College, May 8, 2010

Professional Experience

Attorney at Law, Bethesda, MD, 1966 to present, concentrating in wildlife and natural resource policy, regulatory and legislative matters.  Legal and environmental historian and author.

Associate Attorney, General Practice, Roberts & McInnis, Washington, DC, 1964 to 1966

Bar Admissions — Maryland, 1966; District of Columbia, 1965; Indiana, 1964


Professional and Academic Recognitions

  • Indiana University Bicentennial Medal, 2020
  • Judge, 2018 Federal Duck Stamp Competition, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Interior, September 14-15, 2018
  • Awarded the Bertha Benkard Rose Award for outstanding service and special prominence and distinction in the Theodore Roosevelt Association, October 28, 2017
  • Elected into the President’s Circle (Founder’s Level), Indiana University, September 1, 2017
  • Awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award by the Boy Scouts of America and the National Eagle Scout Association, March 2, 2016
  • Awarded the 2016 Jay N. “Ding” Darling Conservation Award for a lifetime of conservation service by the National Wildlife Federation, April 14, 2016
  • Indiana University School of Law building named Baier Hall, May 8, 2015
  • Academy of Law Alumni Fellows, Indiana University School of Law, April 11, 2014
  • Awarded the 2013 Conservationist of the Year, John L. Morris Award, by the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, September 10, 2013
  • Featured by Outdoor Life magazine (December, 2009) as one of 25 honorees that made a significant positive influence changing the world of hunting and fishing; later designated Outdoor Life’s Readers’ Choice Conservationist of the Year, January 19, 2010
  • Awarded the 2008 Conservationist of the Year designation sponsored by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, February 2, 2008
  • Regional Forester’s Honor Award, USDA, November, 2008
  • Distinguished Service Award, Indiana University School of Law, October 5, 2007
  • Permanent U.S. Geological Survey Marker set in the Little Missouri National Grasslands, Medora, ND, recognizing Lowell E. Baier’s acquisition of Theodore Roosevelt’s Elkhorn Ranch for the U.S. Forest Service, September 15, 2007.
  • U.S. Forest Service National Grasslands Prairie Partner Award, September, 2005
  • Certified Forest Steward, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, 1995.
  • Rockville Outstanding Citizen of the Year, 1988, Rockville, Montgomery County, MD
  • Page Boy, 84th Congress, U.S. House of Representatives, 1956, for Majority Leader Charles A. Halleck (R-Ind.)
  • Eagle Scout Award, Boy Scouts of America, 1954


Professional Affiliations

  • Member, The Cosmos Club, 2005
  • Trustee/Executive Committee, Theodore Roosevelt Association, 2004-present
  • Member, The Boone and Crockett Club, 1980
  • Member, The Explorers Club, 1976
  • Charter Founder, Foundation for North American Wild Sheep, 1974
  • Maryland Bar Association, 1966
  • District of Columbia Bar Association, 1965
  • Indiana Bar Association, 1964

Significant Publications

Federalism, Preemption, and the Nationalization of American Wildlife Management: The Dynamic Balance Between State and Federal Authority, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 329 pages (2022).

  • Winner, 2022 New York City Big Book Award in the Environment category
  • Winner, 2022 New York City Big Book Award in the Political category
  • Winner, 2022 Global Book Awards, Silver Medal in the Environmental Category
  • Winner, 2022 Global Book Awards, Silver Medal in the History Category
  • Finalist, 2022 Next Generation Indie Book Award in the Science/Nature/Environment Category
  • Finalist, 2022 Next Generation Indie Book Award in the Historical Non-Fiction Category

Saving Species on Private Lands: Unlocking Incentives to Conserve Wildlife and Their Habitats, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 441 pages (2020).

  • Winner, 2021 New York City Big Book Award in the Nature category
  • Winner, 2021 Eric Hoffer Book Award in the Business category
  • Winner, 2021 Independent Press Book Award in the Green/Conservation category
  • Winner, 2020 Next Generation INDIE Book Awards, Best Non-Fiction E-book
  • Silver Medal, 2021 Independent Publisher Book Award in the Reference category
  • Short List, 2021 The Wildlife Society Annual Publication Award (One of five books so recognized)
  • Short List, 2021 Eric Hoffer Book Award Grand Prize
  • Finalist, 2021 Eric Hoffer Book Award Montaigne Medal
  • Finalist, 2020 Next Generation INDIE Book Awards in the Nature/Environment category
  • Finalist, 2020 Forest History Society Charles A. Weyerhaeuser Book Award

Inside the Equal Access to Justice Act: Environmental Litigation and the Crippling Battle Over America’s Lands, Endangered Species and Their Critical Habitat, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 648 pages (2016).

  • Winner, 2017 Next Generation INDIE Book Awards Grand Prize for Best Non-Fiction Book
  • Winner, 2017 Next Generation INDIE Book Awards in the Science/Nature/Environment category
  • Finalist, 2017 Forest History Society Charles A. Weyerhaeuser Book Award
  • Finalist, 2016 Foreword Reviews IndieFab Book of the Year in the Ecology/Environment Category
  • Finalist, 2016 Foreword Reviews IndieFab Book of the Year in the History Category


The Codex of the Endangered Species Act: The First Fifty Years (Volume I) (in preparation for publication in 2022); The Codex of the Endangered Species Act: The Next Fifty Years (Volume II) (to be published in 2023)

Voices from the Wilderness: A Biography (in preparation for later publication)

Economic Impact of the 2013 BLM Sage Grouse Conservation Plan; Aggregate Economic Impacts of the 15 2013 BLM Sage Grouse Draft Resource Management Plan Amendments and Environmental Impact Statements, monograph prepared for the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, March 1, 2014

Reforming the Equal Access to Justice Act, Notre Dame Journal of Legislation, Vol. 38, No.1:1, 2012

Reforming the Equal Access to Justice Act, Records of North America Game, 13th Ed: 28-39, 2011

The Secret World Inside the Animal Rights Agenda, Fair Chase: 6-10, Fall, 2009; 6-13, Winter, 2010

Theodore Roosevelt’s Elkhorn Ranch, The Birthplace of Conservation, North Dakota Outdoors:  10-17, October, 2007

The Cradle of Conservation, Fair Chase: 20-29, Summer, 2007

The Cradle of Conservation: Theodore Roosevelt’s Elkhorn Ranch, An Icon of America’s National Identity, Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal, Vol. 28, No. 1: 12-24, Winter, 2007

Jerome Hall - The North Star in My Life, Indiana Law Journal, Vol. 81, No. 2: 465, 2006

The Boone and Crocket Club: A 106 Year Retrospective, Records of North American Big Game, 10th Ed.: Chapter 2, page 3-28, 1993

Past and Present Roles of the Boone and Crockett Club 1887-1992, a strategic planning report to the Boone and Crockett Club, Nov. 25, 1992

The National Collection of Head and Horns: A Historical Perspective, Records of North American Big Game, 8th Ed: Chapter 10, page 72-96, 1981

Substantive Interpretations Under the Antidumping Act and the Foreign Trade Policy of the United States, Stanford Law Review, Vol. 17, No. 3: 409, 1965

The Developing Principles in the Law of Unauthorized Practice re Real Estate Brokers, Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 9:127, 1964


Lowell with FenceWildlife Conservation and Natural Resource Service Highlights

  • Served as chairman and spokesperson in 1988-89 to draft a conservation and natural resource agenda for President George H. W. Bush’s administration, an initiative that became the foundation for a subsequent agenda drafted for each successive president thereafter.
  • Founder, Vice Chairman, Board of Directors that established the National Conservation Leadership Institute in 2006, an advanced leadership-training school for mid-career state and federal fish and wildlife agency professionals (primarily biologists and scientists) across the United States in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, to prepare them for leadership and management positions emphasizing adaptive management skills. Over 500 “Fellows” have graduated as of 2019, now in its 13th year.
  • Principal spearhead and spokesperson for 50+ national conservation organizations that facilitated acquisition of Theodore Roosevelt's 23,550 acre Elkhorn Ranch, Medora, ND into Federal government ownership, 2003-2007, which virtually expanded the Theodore Roosevelt National Park by 33.5%. This ranch is where conservation was conceived by Theodore Roosevelt in 1884-87, and is popularly called the “Cradle of Conservation” and the "Walden Pond of the American West".
  • Member of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies Threatened and Endangered Species Policy Committee, 2005 to date, and their Legal Committee Working Group, 2000 to date.
  • One of the core founders of the American Wildlife Conservation Partners (AWCP) in 2000, which is a confederation of the 53 leading wildlife conservation organizations in America. Policy positions, sign-on letters, providing committee testimony and promoting legislation in the Congress is the role maintained by the AWCP.
  • Member of the Conservation Leadership Council (sponsored by EDF), a 12 member body committed to research and the promotion of market based ecosystem services through academic research, policy development and white papers.
  • Member of the Roosevelt Conservation Leaders Roundtable, led by Simon Roosevelt, a group of national conservation organization leaders dedicated to finding collaborative bipartisan solutions to major contemporary wildlife challenges.
  • Member of the President’s Council, National Wildlife Federation, 2013 to date.
  • Member of the United States Forest Service (USDA) Steering Committee, organizing and producing the 100-year centennial celebration and seminar series commemorating creation of the U.S. Forest Service, January 3-5, 2005.
  • Delegate at the White House Conference on Cooperative Conservation, St. Louis, MO, August 29-31, 2005, pursuant to Presidential Executive Order No. 13352.
  • Delegate at the White House Conference on North American Wildlife Policy, Reno, NV, October 1-3, 2008, pursuant to Presidential Executive Order No. 13443.
  • Secured the preservation and transfer (1977 to 1984) of the National Collection of Heads and Horns established by Wm. T. Hornaday in 1906 from the American Museum of Natural History and the New York Zoological Society, New York, NY, to a permanent museum display at the Buffalo Bill Center of the West in Cody, WY; collection moved to the Bass Pro Wonders of Wildlife Museum in Springfield, MO during 2016.
  • Core Founder of  The Wild Sheep Foundation (WSF), the only organization in the world that focuses on the health and propagation of indigenous wild sheep, funding in excess of $2.4 million annually for habitat improvements.
    • Became 14th of 20 Charter Founders in 1974 and remained fully engaged for 12 years, 1974 to 1985, in all aspects of FNAWS operations and projects, growing the Foundation to a membership of 5,000+.
    • Served as member of Board of Directors, 1974 to 1985, legal counsel 1974 to 1975, vice president 1981 to 1983, Chair of Headquarters Selection and Relocation Committee 1979 to 1981, and National Convention Chairman 1978 to 1981.
    • Presented the Outstanding Achievement Award in 1979.
    • Major projects during involvement with WSF included developing natural water holes in the arid terrain of Arizona and Mexico; establishing a rapid response triage team of veterinarians to address outbreaks of disease including pink eye, lung worm, etc.; transplanting surplus sheep populations into historic habitats; providing equipment for the Mexican government to equip their game wardens to prevent poaching, and providing technical support to train the wardens; multiple habitat restoration projects.
  • Between 1968 and 1980, completed over 20 expeditions throughout Alaska, Canada and Mexico surveying the habitat and populations of the four species of sheep on the North American continent.
  • In 1982 trekked across the Gobi Desert and into the southern Altai Mountains with Mongolia's Department of Agriculture (Zhuulchin) surveying wild sheep as part of developing a wildlife management program. Secondary trek was made to explore the legendary city of Shang-du (a/k/a Xanadu), the capital of the Mongol Empire and home of the 13th century Kublai Kahn, the eastern terminus of Marco Polo’s journey (1275-92).
  • In 1984, trekked into the USSR Republic of Azerbaijan surveying the Dagestan Tur population as part of developing a wildlife management program.
  • In 1988 led the inaugural expedition trekking into the Pamir Mountains of the USSR’s Tajikistan Republic surveying the Marco Polo (Ovis Poli) sheep population to develop a wildlife management program. First western trek into the Pamirs since Theodore, Jr. and Kermit Roosevelt's expedition in 1925.
  • Elected to Membership in 1980 in the Boone and Crockett Club, America’s oldest wildlife conservation organization, founded in 1887 by Theodore Roosevelt which developed the cornerstones of the American conservation movement.
    • President, 2008 to 2010; President Emeritus, 2011 to present; Elected to Honorary Life Membership in 2016
    • Founder of a select committee that in 1984 established and endowed the Boone and Crockett Wildlife Conservation and Natural Resource postgraduate program at the University of Montana,Missoula, MT, and thereafter at Texas A&M, College Station, TX, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, and Michigan State University, Lansing, MI.
    • Served as member from 1982 to 1984 of a select committee that in 1985 chose the location for, purchased, and established the 6,000-acre Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch and Research Station in Dupuyer, MT, as an adjunct property to support the University of Montana postgraduate program, and which now includes the Elmer E. Rasmuson Conservation Education Center created in 2000 to host an extensive wildlife conservation and natural resource summer orientation program for high school teachers, several children’s conservation orientation camps, and base camp for the Boy Scouts of America high adventure program in the adjacent Bob Marshall Wilderness.

Business Career Highlights  — Professional Experience

President, Baier Properties, Inc., Bethesda, MD, since 1967 designed, developed, and constructed more than 25 commercial real-estate development projects consisting of over a million square feet of residential/retail/office/industrial space

Vice President, Member of Board of Directors, Mortgage Banker, Development Analyst, Walker & Dunlop, Inc., Washington, DC, 1969 to 1978

Associate House Counsel, Mortgage Banker, Development Analyst, James W. Rouse & Company, Inc., Washington, DC, and Baltimore, MD, 1966 to 1969


Professional and Civic Recognitions

  • Honor Award – Exceptional Design Award for the Best Designed Office Building Built in Fairfax County in 1991, for One Cambridge Court, 8110 Gatehouse Road, Falls Church, VA, awarded by Board of Supervisors, Fairfax County, VA
  • Cornerstone Award for the Best Suburban Office Building Built in Metropolitan Washington, DC, 1990, for One Cambridge Court, 8110 Gatehouse Road, Falls Church, VA, awarded by Washington Building Congress
  • Award of Excellence, 1989, for One Cambridge Court, 8110 Gatehouse Road, Falls Church, VA, awarded by National Association of Industrial and Office Parks
  • Award of Excellence, 1986, for Oakton Corporate Center, 10455-467 White Granite Drive, Oakton, VA, awarded by National Association of Industrial and Office Parks
  • Readers Choice Award for Best New Office Building in Montgomery County, MD, 1985, for Jefferson Plaza, 600 East Jefferson Street, Rockville, MD, awarded by Gazette Newspapers
  • Award of Excellence for Best Low-Rise Office Building built in the Baltimore – Washington region, 1983, for Democracy Medical Center, 6300 Democracy Boulevard, Bethesda, MD, awarded by National Association of Industrial and Office Parks.

Professional Service

  • Urban Land Institute, Industrial and Office Park Council, 1982 to 1992
    • Vice Chairman, 1986 to 1989
    • Urban Land Institute Panel Moderator, 1986, 1988, and 1989
  • Chair, Rockville Parking Garage Task Force, City of Rockville, MD, 1984 to 1986
  • Co-chair, Rockville Pike Master Plan Review Committee, City of Rockville, MD, 1980 to 1984
  • Member, Board of Governors, Mortgage Bankers Association of Washington, DC, 1970 to 1975

Community Service

  • Board of Directors, Billings Depot, Inc./Montana Avenue Historic District, Billings, MT, 1994 to 1998
  • Established the concept plan and implementation strategy for reclamation of the 1909 Great Northern Railway Depot and four adjacent blocks of Montana Avenue, which led to complete revitalization of the original historic district of Billings, MT, which had become a derelict slum.
  • Served as major fund raiser and co-project manager overseeing the rehabilitation of Billings Depot’s four-building complex, 1995 to 1998.
  • Member, Board of Directors, National Capital Area Council, Boy Scouts of America, Washington, DC, 1983 to 1992.
  • Co-Chair, first National Eagle Scout Association Dinner, Washington, DC, with Ross Perot, Wm. Marriott, Air Force Chief of Staff Lawrence Welsh, and FBI Director Wm. Sessions, Washington, DC, 1991.
  • Chair, 1988 and 1989 National Boy Scouts of America Jamboree Committee that selected and organized 360 scouts/scouters to participate in national jamboree at Ft. AP Hill, VA.
  • National Capital Area Council’s leading fund raiser for 10 years, sponsoring an annual “business breakfast” on the banks of Potomac for local business and professional community, which was featured on the NBC “Today Show” with Willard Scott, providing Boy Scouts of America with national attention seldom achieved, 1983 to 1990.

Cultural Interests

  • Studied for more than 55 years origins, history, casting, and artistry of bronze sculpture, primarily the 19th century animalier and style troubadour schools, with secondary interest in western bronzes.
  • Assembled world-class collection of bronze sculpture memorializing knighthood and chivalry assembled over the last 50 years as discerning patron of the arts; the collection, pieces of which are periodically on loan to museums, has been recognized by leading scholars and museums in the field, and the collection itself is in the process of being donated to Eskenazi Museum of Art, Indiana University in Bloomington, IN and the Brauer Museum of Art, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN.
  • Commissioned and directed creation of two sculptures, one of Theodore Roosevelt for the Boone and Crockett Club’s 1987 centennial, and a second for the Indiana University School of Law of former Distinguished Professor Dr. Jerome Hall.
  • Chairman of the Q Street Buffalo Restoration Committee to restore and conserve the four monumental bronze life-size buffalo commissioned in 1908 by President Theodore Roosevelt, created and then cast in 1913 by Alexander Phimister Proctor flanking the corners of the Q Street Bridge at 26th Street, NW, Washington, DC, 2005-06.
  • Beginning at age 7, built on legacy established by paternal grandfather who homesteaded in Montana in 1915, by beginning a life-long friendship with the native American Indian community, especially the Crow and Sioux tribes of Montana and the Dakotas.
  • Built family’s collection of Indian artifacts and beadwork into a significant museum collection.
  • Loaned original U.S. Capitol antiques to Senate and House curators; antiques are on permanent display in the U.S. Capitol Visitors Center and the U.S. Senate


Date of Birth: January 6, 1940, Chicago, IL

Military Service: US Army Reserve 1956 to 1964


John Dingell, Dean of the U.S. House of Representatives, and champion of the Endangered Species Act.
John Dingell, Dean of the U.S. House of Representatives, and champion of the Endangered Species Act
ed schafer unveiling 2
Ed Schafer, Secretary of Agriculture
E.O. Wilson 2
Dr. E.O. Wilson, the worlds leading endangered species biologist and renowned  author